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Again I don’t think I can stress enough the importance of reading in teaching second grade, by now your students are fairly good readers, your curriculum may have textbooks provided for them with large lettering and big pictures. It is important in subjects like history for the children to read from the text both at home and in the classroom.
· Reading aloud in class:
One exercise for teaching second grade is to have the children read a sentence or two at a time aloud from the text—when appropriate, stop to explain or elaborate. For this explanation or elaboration on the lesson—try to have some sort of visual aid for the children to look at. Then continue around the room so that every child has a chance to read out loud.
· Reading in “quiet time”
Teaching second grade have the students take some “quiet time” in class to read as well. It is a good idea to let them find a nice spot in the room to sit—other than their desks while they read.
· Reading at home:
Just as they have done in the first grade—children should choose their own books either from the classroom or from the library to take home and read as homework. However, the books should be more challenging and if a child is especially good at reading—they may chooses to take home more books or change books more often than the other students. This will benefit the more advanced readers without taking away from the rest of the group. After having read the story at home and in class, have each student write a few sentences to summarize the story.
· Identifying geographic locations:
Large maps are most useful for these lessons when teaching second grade the maps will almost always be in the text itself—but you should also use other maps, wall maps, maps on a projector screen etc. to teach the children not only what they are learning about but where what they are learning took place. With wall maps or hanging maps, use a pointer to show the children cities, rivers, borders etc. With a projector you can use an erasable pen and just project the maps onto the whiteboard or canvas. The geographical visual aid helps so much in teaching second grade—because it provides a basis for other geographical learning, that will take place later on in their education.
· Science and Mathematics:
By the end of the second grade your students should be able to understand place value and number relationships in both addition and also subtraction. They should also be able to use simple concepts of multiplication.
The students should be able to measure quantities with appropriate units. The students should have learned to classify shapes and see relationships among them by paying attention to their geometric attributes. They should be able to collect and analyze data and verify the answers.
They should also understand the most basic concepts of experimentation.
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