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According to the Joint Committee on Geographic Education of the National Council for Geographic Education (NCGE) and the Association of American Geographers (AAG), there are five themes of geography. These five these were written in 1984 and offer a great outline for teaching geography.
Teaching Geography Utilizing the Five Themes of Geography: LOCATION
What is location? Every single point on earth has a specific location. This location is determined by our favorite worldly and imaginary lines, latitude and longitude. The latitude and longitude of a point is what determines its location.
Teach students that latitude and longitude create an imaginary grid across the globe. They can remember that latitudinal lines are parallel to the equator because “lat”-itude sounds like “lap”-itude, and laps are flat and horizontal as well. Have the students use this “grid” on a map to locate capitals, mouths of rivers, highest mountains, etc.
Teaching Geography Utilizing the Five Themes of Geography: PLACE
Ask your students to describe a particular well-known place and see if other students can guess which place it is. Have students think of physical and human characteristics of places. Also, think of common phrases that include the word “place,” like: “caught between a rock and a hard place.” Place can be a relatively abstract term, and it is important that students get a better grasp of its meaning.
Have students describe what kind of places certain countries are. Think about natural disasters as well as the people. Think of the physical contours of each country.
Teaching Geography Utilizing the Five Themes of Geography: HUMAN/ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION
Human/environment interaction is studied by looking at both the positive and negative effects that people exert on their surroundings. People have a lot of influence on the environment – they build dams, pollute, tear down trees, etc. But the environment also affects humans with floods, earthquakes, food shortages, droughts, etc.
Have your students come up with ways that people affect their environment every day. Then have them think of how people affect their environment through seasonal activities (like boating, hunting, etc.). Have students discuss which human activities are most harmful to the environment and what can be done to lessen environmental impact.
Find old and new photographs of an area (its best if it is your own town or city) and compare how much the area has changed over the years – different and more buildings, different transportations, trees, etc.
Teaching Geography Utilizing the Five Themes of Geography: MOVEMENT
People are always interacting with other people, place, and things. We travel, communicate, and use products from outside our immediate environment. Teach your students to understand the locations of resources and how they are transported to people that need them. Help your students understand how all people, including themselves, are dependent on other cultures, regions, and people in the world.
Have your students look about the classroom and see how many products they can find that were manufactured in the United States and how many were manufactured elsewhere. Talk about ways to travel from one place to another (you can get into abstract ideas like music and literature). Talk about what happens when people are not able to communicate.
Teaching Geography Utilizing the Five Themes of Geography: REGIONS
Regions are areas on the earth’s surface that are defined by certain unifying characteristics. These characteristics may be physical or cultural, etc. Regions are also studied in how they have changed over times.
Talk with the students about physical regions of the earth like rain forests, deserts, mountains, etc. Have students think about how they would have to adapt to these regions (would they need insect repellant, etc.?) Have your students take a look at their own city and divide it into regions by recreational areas, residential areas, ethnicity, etc. Use an almanac to have your students divide the US into climatic regions.
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Addition Flash Cards
Addition flash cards are a very important tool for the math teacher. When it is time to teach the students to add, it can at first be confusing for them.
Addition Flash Cards
Subtraction flash cards are a very important tool for the math teacher.
Division Flash Cards
Division flash cards are a great tool for the math teacher to use when teaching division. When it is time to teach the students to learn to divide, it can—as all mathematical skills can be, at first be confusing for them.
It is more fun than you think. Whether you use math games to quiz the kids after a lesson, or just play math games instead of the lessons—it is a great system of learning math that is fun!
Many people believe that the image of this country and what it stands for is embedded in them at a very young age.